Category Archives: HAIR CARE SCIENCE

HAIR OIL AND CREAMS STUDY from the book ”hair care science” by Charles Patrick

                                      HAIR OIL AND CREAMS



They are artificial product that enhances the look of our hair; they also treat and prevent some hair problems. Generally they enhance the out ward look and in ward health of our natural mane (hair).

         There are many type of hair oil, it is good to note that each hair oil serves a particular Purpose or for a particular solution to a particular hair problem.


                        TYPES OF HAIR OIL AND CREAMS.


  1. Hair conditioner oil.
  2. Scalp conditioner oil.
  3. Anti breakage oil.
  4. Anti shedding scalp oil.
  5. Strengthener hair oil.
  6. Hair polisher oil.
  7. Hair oil moisturizer.
  8.  Temple balm scalp oil.
  9. Hair growth oil and fertilizing cream.
  10. Reconstructing hair and scalp oil.

These are few out of verse type of hair oil and creams.


HAIR CONDITIONER OIL; this penetrate in the hair shaft and recondition dry and rough hair in to smooth and healthy hair.

             Also it prevents breakage and ensures smooth hair styling, e.g. motion hair conditioner oil. 


SCALP CONDITIONER OIL; this type of oil goes a long way to condition the scalp against dryness and scaling.

          It also helps restructure the pores for normal functioning. E.g., (dark and lovely scalp oil).


ANTI BREAKAGE HAIR OIL; this help to smooth the rough ages of a damaged hair and there by preventing it from breaking e.g., (profectiv anti breakage oil).


ANTI SHEDDING SCALP OIL; this contain some natural nutrients artificially introduce on the scalp, it penetrate the hair root and restructure it there by preventing the hair from shedding.

          E.g., (Dr Miracle anti shedding scalp oil.)


STRENGTHENER HAIR OIL; this type of hair oil strengthen the hair from inside out to promote stronger, longer and healthier hair.

              It is made of a deep penetrating blend of natural mineral oil and protein.


HAIR POLISHER OIL; this adds shine and moisture, generally polish a natural hair that looks dull. But has no sign of hair problem.


HAIR OIL MOISTURIZER; this is specially formulated hair oil with essential vitamins (B5 and vitamin E) to restore hair moisture balance, it soften and smoothing the hair shaft, hydrates natural and color treated hair, help repair weak and damaged hair.

               Daily use help to replace natural moisture oil lost to heat styling.


TEMPLE BALM SCALP OIL; this type of hair oil restore damage scalp, gradually eliminate scars on the scalp, help reopens the pore for easy hair growth, also encourages new hair growth.


HAIR GROWTH OIL AND FERTILIZING CREAM; this help on rapid growth of hair by nourishing the hair and the scalp for healthy existence. It promotes more hair growth and can help to grow loss hair.


RECONSTRUCTING HAIR AND SCALP OIL; it restore damage hair and scalp, reduce flakes and scalp dryness, also revitalizes the hair for healthy being.



NB; discovering hair problem first before prescribing the right product can go a long way to reduce hair problems. 


Hair oil and cream can be combining to get 2 in 1 products e.g.; as follows











                                                 HAIR CONDITIONER

T his is a soften agent that annul the harsh effect of all chemical products on hair. Such as hair relaxer, hair shampoos etc.

      In other words this products is use to treat or soften the hair after hair relaxing or shampooing.

There are three (3) type of conditioner.


    (a)  Normal conditioner.
(b)  Deep conditioner.

     (c)  Leave in conditioner.


NORMAL CONDICTION; this is the type of conditioner we use after relaxer and shampoo.

             It is been applied and leave for five (5) minutes then comb and wash off.


DEEPCONDITIONER; these penetrate in to the hair shaft and smooth the rough ages of dry hair to avoid hair breakage.

                You apply this type after shampoo and heat under dryer for twenty (20) minutes, and then rinse out with a warm water.  


LEAVE IN CONDITIONER; after relaxer or shampoo, this conditioner is been applied and leave in hair. Do not rinse out, it has a long lasting roll to play on a dry and rough hair.

                 After five (5) minutes blow dry or style as you desire.                                           

HAIR SHAMPOO BRIEF STUDY. from the book ”hair care science” by Charles Patrick

                                                    HAIR SHAMPOOS.



This is hair cleanser, neutralizer, and fortifier product that comes in a liquid form. There are four (4) types of shampoos.


  1. Neutralizing shampoo.
  2. Fortifying shampoo.
  3. Cleansing shampoo.
  4. Anti dandruff shampoo.



NEUTRALIZING SHAMPOO. This is the type of product we use to wash out chemical active products like hair relaxer product and hair bleaching powder.



FORTIFYING SHAMPOO; this type of shampoo is made of some natural nutrients that is good for hair healthy being.

          They fortifies and strengthen the hair, they can not neutralize active product.

E.g. are as follow

(a)      Optimal fortifying shampoo.

(b)      Protein shampoo.

(c)      Strengthen shampoo.

(d)      Anti breakage shampoo.

(e)      Uplifting shampoo.

All these shampoos are used to wash and fortify hair that doesn’t have active products like hair relaxer and hair bleaching powder.


CLEANSING SHAMPOO; this type serves as a cleaning agent to the hair. They only remove dirt and neither neutralizes nor fortifies the hair.


ANTI DANDRUFF SHAMPOO; this is a medicated shampoos that is use to fight against germ and bacteria that cause dandruff infections on the scalp. They are only use in dandruff control.


4 Uses OF Honey For Hair Treatment


Honey has many nutritional and medicinal uses, but did you know it can be beneficial in your beauty routine? Honey is a humectant (which means that it helps to retain moisture) and an emollient (meaning that it softens and smoothens), which “naturally” makes it a great conditioner and moisturizer. It is also rich in vitamins and minerals, so using it in your hair care routine can leave your tresses looking shinier, feeling softer, and in an overall more healthy condition. Recent studies have also shown that because of honey’s antibacterial and antioxidant properties, it can also prove beneficial in keeping your scalp healthy and promoting hair growth!

1. Hair Growth Scalp Rub-

Mix 9 parts honey with 1 part water in a bowl
Use your fingers to rub the mixture directly on to your scalp and massage for 2-3 minutes
Once your scalp has been covered, pull the mixture through your hair, until it covers your hair from root to tip
Leave the solution on your hair for up to 3 hours, then rinse thoroughly with warm water
Repeat once a week

2. Natural Hair Dye-

Honey is a natural lightener so it serves as a natural method to add subtle highlights or slightly lift your hair color overall. For a more intense effect, combine honey with your favorite conditioner, and add a squeeze of lemon juice. If you’re looking to darken your hair, consider using molasses as a substitute.



3. Oil & Honey Hair Treatment-

Combine honey and extra virgin olive oil in a small, microwaveable dish. Mix the two ingredients with a spoon and microwave for 15-30 seconds then allow it to cool for 30 seconds. Use your hands to evenly disperse the honey and olive oil throughout your hair. Massage it into your scalp and work from your roots to the tip of your hair. Cover with a shower cap and let it sit for 30 minutes. Rinse it out, preferably with cold water.


4. Honey Hair Conditioner-

Combine honey with an equal amount of your regular conditioner.
Rub the two together and use your hands to evenly apply the mixture through your while damp.
Massage it into your scalp and work from your roots to the tip of your hair.
Cover with a shower cap and let it sit for 30 minutes before rinsing it out, preferably with cold water.


TIME CHART TABLE FOR HAIR RELAXER APPLICATION from the book ”hair care science” by Charles Patrick

                                   TIME CHART TABLE FOR RELAXER APPLICATION





Hair texture Application time Smoothing time Waiting time Total time
Fine hair 3 minutes 3 minutes 6 minutes 12 minutes
Medium hair 3 minutes 3 minutes 9 minutes 18 minutes
Coarse hair 3 minutes 3 minutes 12 minutes 20 minutes
Resistant hair DON’T USE DON’T USE









Hair texture Application time Smoothing time Waiting time Total time
Medium hair 4 minutes 4 minutes 10 minutes 15 minutes
Coarse hair 4 minutes 4 minutes 12 minutes 18 minutes
Resistant hair 5 minutes 5 minutes 15 minutes 25 minutes





Hair texture Application time Smoothing time Waiting time Total time
Fine hair 3 minutes 3 minutes 6 minutes 12 minutes
Medium hair 3 minutes 3 minutes 9 minutes 15 minutes
Coarse hair 3 minutes 3 minutes 12 minutes 23 minutes
Resistant hair 4 minutes 4 minutes 15 minutes 23 minutes





Hair texture Application time Smoothing time Waiting time Total time
Medium hair DON’T USE DON’T USE
Coarse hair 5 minutes 5 minutes 15 minutes 25 minutes
Resistant hair 6 minutes 6 minutes 18 minutes 30 minutes





  1. For fine and medium hair texture, refers to the regular relaxer time chart table.
  2. For coarse and resistant hair texture, refers to supper relaxer time chart table.



NB..You can extend the time if the hair is not yet smooth, provided that the client did not complain of irritation. But not more than five (5) minutes 







HAIR RELAXER APPLICATION METHOD from the book ”hair care science” by Charles Patrick

                                  RELAXER APPLICATION METHOD.


You will need the following.


Timer, hand glove, plastic comb, scissors, towel, stir stick and plastic bowl.


—-Examine the scalp for wounds and rashes.

—-Ask your client the following question

** When did you wash your hair last?

** When did you retouch your hair last? 

** When did you bleach your hair last?

** When did you lose your breads?

**Are you using an anti dandruff shampoo?

**When did you color your hair last?

** Did you scratch your scalp recently?

This entire question to know the condition of your client hair and scalp.




  1. Comb the hair with a large tooth comb.
  2. Apply a protective gel all around the hair line, ear area and on to the nap area.
  3. Apply a pre relaxer treatment if any.
  4. Mix the cream relaxer with activator liquid.
  5. Start applying with a relaxer application brush or back of a plastic comb. 


                                  APPLICATION FOR A VIRGING HAIR.

Part the hair in four (4) sections and start applying by dividing smaller sections from one of the four sections.


Start from back of the head (i.e.) the nap area to the front of the head (i.e.) crown area.



                                   TOUCH UP APPLICATION.


Start from back of the head (ie) nap area to front of the head (ie) the crown area.

Part the hair in smaller by smaller sections and apply un till all the hair is covered.



NB. From the back at the nap areas part the hair smaller by smaller sections and apply the relaxer from back to front.



As soon as the application of relaxer is completed.


Massage the relaxer into hair for evenly distribution.


Avoid overlapping to the previously relaxed hair in case of touch up.


When massage is completed, start combing and smoothing.


Following the time guide, after smoothing allow the hair till the normal processing time.


When the processing time is completed, rinse out the relaxer product from the hair using water.


When you rinse out all traces of relaxer, and then wash out with a neutralizing shampoo.


Follow the color indicator to make sure that you wash out all traces of relaxer from the hair to avoid hair problem.


When washing is over apply generous amount of hair conditioner product on hair massage and leave for five (5) minutes then rinse out.


Towels dry the hair and style as you desire.


HAIR STRAND AND SKIN ALLERGIC TEST from the book ”hair care science” by Charles Patrick

                                             STRAND AND ALLERGIC TEST


STRAND TEST; is an experiment to determine which type of relaxer system will go well with which type of hair texture and also to determine the application time.




  1. Isolate a small section of hair from the under layer of hair on the back of the head.
  2. Mix small potion of relaxer and activator.
  3. Apply on the potion of the hair and smooth; don’t exceed time given by the time guide.
  4. Rinse the strand, and wash with a neutralizing shampoo.




  1. Examine the strand.
  2. If the tested strand break easily (don’t use).
  3. If it does not break (use).
  4. If the tested strand does not smooth very well, increase timing but don’t exceed the time guide. If still not, use a more strength relaxer.


                                                            ALLERGIC TEST.

      1.Mix small amount of relaxer.

      2. Apply at inner arm near elbow and leave for 2 to 3 minutes.

      3. If you notice irritation, reddish skin, itching, swollen of the skin area or any allergic reaction. (Don’t use) 





TIPS ON HAIR RELAXER APPLICATIONS from the book ”hair care science” by Charles Ptarick

                                TIPS FOR RELAXER APPLICATION



  1. Observe your client hair very well.
  2. Follow all directions on the instruction sheet of the product to avoid skin and scalp burns, hair loss and eye injury.
  3. Some relaxers contain alkali, do not use if scalp is irritated or injured.
  4. Do not use on hair that has been treated with a thioglycolate product, texturizers and curly perm.
  5. Do not use on bleached hair or permanently colored hair that is breaking, splitting, or other wised damaged.
  6. If hair is previously relaxad, apply to the new growth only.
  7. If relaxer cause skin or scalp irritation, rinse out, and wash with a neutralizing shampoo immediately.
  8. If irritations persist or hair loss occurs, consult a physician.
  9. Keep away from eye can cause blindness.
  10. If relaxer gets in to eye rinse immediately with water and consult a physician.
  11. Can be dangerous if ingested, please consult a physician.
  12. To avoid hair burn, keep hair away from spark, open flame and excessive heat.
  13. Keep out of reach of children.



                                    DO’S AND DONT’S


             Do a preliminary allergy and strand test before relaxer application.

  1. Do be careful not to overlap relaxer cream on to previously relaxed hair.
  2. Use hand glove when applying relaxer.
  3. Don’t use anti dandruff shampoo two weeks before and two weeks after relaxer application.
  4. Don’t shampoo your hair 72 hrs before relaxer application.
  5. Do not scratch your scalp before relaxer application.
  6. Do not pull or stretch the hair while relaxing.
  7. Do not use any product that is not included in the package, to avoid breakage.
  8. Do apply hair color at least two weeks  after relaxer.
  9. After hair coloring wait for 30 days before relaxer application. 
  10. Do not apply on a bleached hair until after 2 months
  11. Do apply relaxer always before bleaching the hair to avoid hair loss.







A BRIEF STUDY OF HAIR PRODUCTS 2 from the book hair care science by charles patrick

                                       GROUP OF RELAXERS


There two known group of relaxers.


  1. No lye relaxers i.e. (relaxer kit).
  2. No base relaxers i.e. (relaxer cup).


1.NO LYE RELAXERS; this is popularly known as kit, it comes along with cream relaxer and activator liquid separately with other components like shampoo, conditioner etc.

        The cream relaxer and the activator are to be mixed together before application.

 E.g. organic root stimulator no lye relaxer.


2. NO BASE RELAXER; this is the popular cup relaxer, this type does not require activator to be mixed with it, without mixing they are ready to be use.

     E.g. universal basic UB relaxer (no base).





This is a group of anti fritz products that are not relaxers; they remove the natural fritz from hair and give the hair a new texture like jerry coil, sporting waves, and rough coils.

           NB; this products can not relaxe hair, they can only texturize hair.

E.g. soft and beautiful botanicals texturizer.

 ……they also have regular and supper strength for fine, medium and coarse, resistant hair texture respectively.



                 RELAXER APPLICATION



This is the process of introducing the relaxer product on the hair for relaxing process to take place.

       There are two type of relaxer application.

1. Complete application.

2. Touch up application.


  1. COMPLETE APPLICATION; this is a process of completely relaxing a total virgin hair, in this application the product is been applied from root to top of the hair.

                     Here the entire relaxer is been used.

  1. TOUCH UP APPLICATION; this is the process of relaxing the under growth of already relaxed hair, in this process the relaxer is been applied on the under growth only leaving the already relaxed hair.

                      Here, half of the entire relaxer product is to be use.











A BRIEF STUDY OF HAIR PRODUCT from the book hair care science by Charles patrick



HAIR PRODUCTS; this is artificial products use to enhance our hair for healthy been and good look.

          Hair products can be grouped into seven (7) families as follows.


  1. Relaxers and texturizers.
  2. Shampoo.
  3. Conditioners.
  4. Hair oils and creams.
  5. Hair treatment products.
  6. Hair styles hold products.
  7. Hair coloring products.


HAIR RELAXER; this is a chemical hair product, use to convert a natural frizzed hair into a relaxed or unfrized hair for easy styling.

          There are five (5) types of relaxer products.  As follows.

1. Regular relaxer.

2. Super relaxer.

3. Relaxer for all texture.

4. Extra strength relaxer.

5. Relaxer for sensitive scalp.


1. REGULAR RELAXER; this is the normal type of relaxer product with normal strength, this type of relaxer is good for fine and medium hair textures with timing different.

          E.g. Dark and lovely relaxer (regular).


2. SUPPER RELAXER; this is the stronger type of relaxer product with supper strength, this type of relaxer product is good for medium, coarse and resistant hair texture with timing different

    E Dr miracle relaxer (supper)


3. RELAXER PRODUCT FOR ALL HAIR TEXTURE; this type of relaxer can work effectively on all hair texture, from fine, medium to coarse, resistant hair texture.

     e.g. . Proffective color and refresh relaxer.


4. EXTRA STRENGHT RELAXER; this is a type of relaxer product with more strength that can break the resistivity of a resistant hair texture.

     E.g. Olive oil relaxer (extra strength).


5. RELAXER FOR SENSISTIVE SCALP; this is another group of relaxer product that range from regular to supper relaxer strength.

        The are specially made for people with sensitive scalp, they are good for fine, medium, coarse, and resistant hair textures with sensitive scalp.

        E.g. Soft and beautiful botanicals relaxer for sensitive scalps